Principle of Trimmer Potentiomerets

A fixed resistor with a mechanism to change resistance construct a trimmer potentiometers. The principle is with the changing of resistive element length according a wiper sliding, the resistance will be changed. Use this method, with same sectional area, the resistance can be changed relative to resistive element length, and products can be manufactured in low cost.



            R: Resistance [Ω] 
            ρ: Resistivity [Ω/m] 
            L: Resistive element length [m] 
            S: Resistive element sectional area [m2]

  • The position of contact point decide the length of resistive element.
    Resistance between No.1 and No.2 (R12) will become higher if contact point become closer to No.3.
  • For easy introduction, we drew the resistive element like a rectangular solid. Actually, almost resistive element is round shape
    (U - shaped) .So the track of wiper is circle, and resistance is decide by the angle of wiper.
     

Change in resistance of Trimmer Potentiometers

There is the relationship between wiper position (angle) and resistance in below figure.

The output wave is besed on below conditions.
Resistive element is round shape (U - shaped) /Single - turn/No whirl - stop.

Construction
Single - turn, no whirl - stop typ    The relationship between wiper position (angle) and resistance 

 
Feature of Trimmer Potentiometers

By using trimmer potentiometers, it is no problem to set surrounding circuit constant roughly.
Would you please use trimmer potentiometers if it is difficult to decided on a resistance value in your circuit. You can design your circuit roughly and quickly as the result.
  

 

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About

Kingtronics International Company was established in 1995 located in Dongguan City of China to handle all sales & marketing for factories located in Chengdu, Sichuan and Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China. In 1990, we established the first factory to produce trimming potentiometer and in 1999 we built up new factory in Zhao Qing, Guangdong. Now with around 850 workers, Kingtronics produce trimming potentiometers, dipped tantalum capacitors, multilayer ceramic capacitors, and diode & bridge rectifier. We sell good quality under our brand Kingtronics, and Kt, King, Kingtronics are our three trademarks. All our products are RoHS compliant, and our bridge rectifier have UL approval. Please visit our Products page, you could please download all our PDF datasheet and find cross reference for our Trimming Potentiometer and capacitors.

Tantalum and Ceramic Capacitors Cross Reference ↓ Download
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Trimming Potentiometer Cross Reference ↓Download

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