When using Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors, please observe the following points to ensure optimum capacitor performance and long life.

1>DC electrolytic capacitors are polarized.

Make sure of the polarity which is marked on the body of the capacitor.  
Application of the reversed voltage may cause a short circuit or damage to the capacitor.  
Use bipolar capacitors when the polarity is not determined or unknown.  
Note that DC electrolytic capacitors CAN NOT be used for AC application.

2>Bipolar capacitors
These capacitors are used only in pulse circuits as well as polarity reverse circuits, but not applicable in pure AC or high ripple current. 

3>Do not apply voltage greater than the rated voltage
If a voltage exceeding the rated voltage is applied, the leakage current will increase, which will damage the capacitor.  
Recommended working voltage is 70% - 80% of rated voltage.  
Using capacitors at recommended working voltage prolongs capacitor life.

4>Do not allow excessive ripple current through the capacitor
The flow of ripple current greater than the permissible (rated) value will cause heating of the capacitor, which may decrease the capacitance and damage the capacitor.
Ripple current through the capacitor must be at or below the allowable level, generally not more than 80% of the rated current.

5>Use specially designed capacitors for the circuits where charge and discharge are frequently repeated.
In circuits subjected to rapid charge and discharge cycles, a capacitor may be damaged and its life may be shortened by capacitance decrease at higher temperature.  

6. Operating temperature range.

The characteristics of capacitors change with the operating temperature.  
The capacitance and leakage current increase and dissipation factor will decrease at higher temperatures. Usage at lower temperature will ensure longer life.

7. Temperature vs. Life.

The expected life of a capacitor is related to its ambient temperature. 
Generally, if the ambient temperature is reduced 10℃, life is doubled at rated voltage. 

8. Check operating frequency.

Electrolytes usually have their capacitance measured at 100 Hz. or 120 Hz.  
However, remember that capacitance decreases and dissipation factor increase as the applied frequency becomes higher.

9. Capacitor Storage

Long periods of storage have virtually no effect on a capacitor’s capacitance and dissipation factor. 
However, such periods can increase leakage current and decrease the capacitors withstand voltage. 
Apply rated DC voltage treatment to the capacitors which have been stored for a long time.

10. The capacitor case is not insulated from the cathode terminal.

The capacitor’s case and cathode terminal connect through the electrolyte. 
If the case is to be completely insulated, that insulation must be at the capacitor’s mounting point.

11. Do not apply excessive force to the terminals and leads.

An excessively strong force applied to the terminals and lead wires may cause leads to break or terminals to separate and, in turn, cause the internal contact to fail.

12. Cleaning of the circuit board after solder dipping.

Clean circuit boards to remove flux or other extraneous matter.  
To ensure protection for the sleeve, its marking, and the capacitor's sealing materials, the capacitor should never be washed or cleaned by halogenous agents or solvents such as trichlorethylene, xylene, acetone, etc. 
Recommended cleaning solvents; Methanol, isopropanol ethanol, isobutene, petroleum ether, propanol and/ or commercial detergents.

13. Be cautious of the temperature and duration when soldering.
Soldering irons should be kept away from vinyl-insulated sleeves of capacitor.  
When the capacitor is dipped in a solder bath, use at less than 260℃ and 10 seconds to avoid damaging the capacitor.

14. Hole positions on the circuit board.
When designing a circuit board, space the through-holes equal to the space between the capacitor's lead wires. 
If the spacing is either greater than or less than the capacitor's leads, mounting will apply stress to the leads, causing short circuits, broken circuits, and increased current.
Also, through-holes on the circuit board as well as lead holes of post-process parts can result in solder splashing onto the vinyl sleeve causing damage.  
Consider hole positions carefully.

Are you making a resolution for 2018? Warning: More than half of all resolutions fail, but this year, they don’t have to be yours. Here’s how to identify the right resolution to improve your life, create a plan on how to reach it, and become part of the small group of people that successfully achieve their goal.

Pick the Right Resolution

You’ll give yourself your best shot at success if you set a goal that’s doable — and meaningful too.

According to the time management firm FranklinCovey, one third of resolutioners don’t make it past the end of January.

A lot of these resolutions fail because they’re not the right resolutions. And a resolution may be wrong for one of three main reasons:

It’s a resolution created based on what someone else (or society) is telling you to change. 
It’s too vague.
You don’t have a realistic plan for achieving your resolution.

Your goals should be smart — and SMART. That’s an acronym coined in the journal Management Review in 1981 for specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound. It may work for management, but it can also work in setting your resolutions, too.

Specific. Your resolution should be absolutely clear. “Making a concrete goal is really important rather than just vaguely saying ‘I want to lose weight.’ You want to have a goal: How much weight do you want to lose and at what time interval?”. “Five pounds in the next two months — that’s going to be more effective.”

Measurable. This may seem obvious if your goal is a fitness or weight loss related one, but it’s also important if you’re trying to cut back on something, too. If, for example, you want to stop biting your nails, take pictures of your nails over time so you can track your progress in how those nails grow back out. Logging progress into a journal or making notes on your phone or in an app designed to help you track behaviors can reinforce the progress, no matter what your resolution may be.

Achievable. This doesn’t mean that you can’t have big stretch goals. But trying to take too big a step too fast can leave you frustrated, or affect other areas of your life to the point that your resolution takes over your life — and both you and your friends and family flail. So, for example, resolving to save enough money to retire in five years when you’re 30 years old is probably not realistic, but saving an extra $100 a month may be. (And if that’s easy, you can slide that number up to an extra $200, $300 or $400 a month).

Relevant. Is this a goal that really matters to you, and are you making it for the right reasons? “If you do it out of the sense of self-hate or remorse or a strong passion in that moment, it doesn’t usually last long.” “But if you build up a process where you’re thinking harder about what’s good for you, you’re changing the structure of your life, you’re bringing people into your life who will reinforce that resolution, then I think you have a fighting chance.” 

Time-bound. Like “achievable,” the timeline toward reaching your goal should be realistic, too. That means giving yourself enough time to do it with lots of smaller intermediate goals set up along the way. “Focus on these small wins so you can make gradual progress.” “If you’re building a habit, you’re planning for the next decade, not the next couple of months.”

Kingtronics team sincerely wishs you & your family have a wonderful Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2018 in advance.

Thank you so much for all support in the past years, we are at your disposal always, stay contact. ^&^



Kingtronics Xmas holiday: 25th -26th Dec., New Year holiday: 1st Jan.

                               Spring Festival: 16th-19th Feb.

Above our holiday schedules can be found, please feel free to email us your component demands at any time, we will respond your requirements at our earliest time. 

Look forward to win more business with you together in the blessing new year. ~!~

Aluminum Elec. Capacitors
Trimming Potentiometers
Bridge Rectifiers
Diodes & Transistors
Surge Arresters
OSC & Quartz Crystals
MLCC & Tantalum Capacitors

Kingtronics began to sell Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor to overseas market in year 2016, before that, we sold to Chinese mainland and Hong Kong over 10 years with good reputation.

Recently the result proves our strategy is correct, now more and more oversea customers give us positive good feedback for price and quality, and place order to us. Some of our distributor voluntarily help promote our brand E-cap on exhibition, we believe we also can bring profit to your company and support you in your market. 

The E-cap is widely be used in the application of LED, Lighting Tech, power supply, Custom, Adapters, Front End, POE, Open Frame, Capacitor Chargers, DC to DC, Compact PCI, Micro TCA, Military……

We expand E-cap production line for more specification to meet our customer’s difference requirement. Below our SMD E-CAP product series and specification, welcome feel free to check our product datasheet and send your inquiry to us, let us do best to support you.

Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor product website: 
http://www.kingtronics.com/aluminum-electrolytic-capacitors/

Kingtronics P/N

Type

Load Life

Temperatures

Voltage Range

Package

Characteristic

GKT-VA

SMD Type

2000H

85°C

4V ~ 100V

Tape & Reel

Standard

GKT-VT

SMD Type

1000H~2000H

105°C

4V ~ 100V

Tape & Reel

Standard

GKT-VC

SMD Type

2000H

85°C

6.3V ~ 50V

Tape & Reel

Low Leakage Current

GKT-VE

SMD Type

2000H-3000H

105°C

6.3V ~ 50V

Tape & Reel

Long Life

GKT-VK

SMD Type

2000H-3000H

105°C

6.3V ~ 50V

Tape & Reel

Extra Lower Impedance

GKT-VL

SMD Type

3000H-5000H

105°C

6.3V ~ 100V

Tape & Reel

Extra Long Life

GKT-VN

SMD Type

1000H

85°C

6.3V ~ 50V

Tape & Reel

Bi-polar

GKT-VZ

SMD Type

1000H-2000H

105°C

6.3V ~ 50V

Tape & Reel

Low Impedance

GKT-VU

SMD Type

3000H

105°C

160V ~ 450V

Tape & Reel

Long Life

GKT-VD

SMD Type

6000H

105°C

160V ~ 450V

Tape & Reel

Long Life

GKT-VW

SMD Type

10000H

105°C

6.3V ~ 450V

Tape & Reel

Long Life

Now that winter's here, it’s more difficult to get up in the morning. In fact, more than half of us admit getting up during winter is a ‘struggle’. Unsurprisingly, Monday mornings are the hardest. So what little changes could you make? Here are 3 top tips to give you that extra ‘morning motivation’ boost:

1> Have a drink.

Drinking water as soon as you wake up will help stimulate the body and help you stay awake.



2> Do something active.

You may not have the time or energy for a full-blown exercise routine every morning, but get your body moving somehow such as forcing yourself to wiggle around under the covers.



3> Remind yourself of what you have to do.

Noting your to-do list on a small whiteboard or a piece of paper kept on the nightstand, which will help you feel at night like you have those things handled, or at least noted, for the following day, and it will give you more reason to get up in the morning.



If none of this works, there's the obvious tip of setting the alarm clock across the room. *^__^*


It’s always been a great pleasure that customers positively help promote our brand, our potential is quite obvious as following, thus more and more customers are willing to advertise, or exhibit for us even at their own cost, no doubt it leads to more win-win cooperation. 

Strength & Advantage
Professional manufacturer
High quality commitment
Well-known brand Kingtronics
Competitive prices
Fast lead time & stock
Strong sales support
Sales response quickly
Strong technical support
Excellent customer service
Exhibitions overseas

Recently one Indian customer helps promote our brand on LED EXPO NEW DELHI, we really appreciate it and encourage it, it definitely results in more considerate support will be provided to them from us.

We warmly welcome more customers seek more support from us, let’s join efforts on expanding business. http://www.kingtronics.com/

Dear valued customers, the year 2017 is becoming to the end, how is everything going? : )
Kingtronics team hopes you have a harvest and business increasing year.

Kingtronics production line will be very tight before every Christmas, in order to help maintaining the same offer and put order into production flow in time successfully, 
Kindly please feel free to advise us your new request and shipment instruction in advance, then we can prepare and proceed the case.

Kingtronics team sincerely wishs you and your family have a wonderful Merry Christmas and Happy new 2018 year in advance.

Kingtronics strong production lines:

RKT--Trimming potentiometer

RKT-3006P           25pcs/tube
RKT-3386F            50pcs/tube
RKT-3296X           50pcs/tube
RKT-3266W         50pcs/tube
RKT-C3305           2.5kpcs/Reel

MKT--Radial multilayer ceramic capacitor

0.1uF 50V +/-10% X7R  P:5.08MM (0805)  Ammo RoHS         2.5kpcs/Ammo
2200pF 50V +/-2% NPO P: 5.08mm              Bulk RoHS   

GKT-Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor

Radial Type         
GKT-GS  2200uF 63V +/-20%  dimension: 18*35mm P:7.5mm 85°C Bulk RoHS        
GKT-GT   2200uF 50V +/-20%  dimension: 16*35mm P:7.5mm 105°C Bulk RoHS    

SMD Type 
GKT-VA  33uF 63V +/-20%    size: 8*10.5mm  85°C  Tape & Reel  RoHS            
GKT-VT   470uF 35V +/-20%    size: 12.5*13.5mm 105°C  Tape & Reel RoHS 

 Dear valued customers, 

Please try to focus on our radila MLCC(multilayer ceramic capacitor) business if you have demands of MLCC, currently we stop accepting order of SMD MLCC, the main reason is there're too many orders on production, thus we are unable to supply new demands, kindly try to understand and support us. 

MLCC out of stock is a globally situation, mainly results from some famous manufacturers discontinued the standard mlcc, supply structures get adjustments, market demands get increasing.

We are still supplying radial, axial MLCC, L/T is 3-5weeks or shorter, and price is always competitive. Never hesitate to enjoy our considerate support., contact with our sales now. 

MKT,AKT details:
http://www.kingtronics.com/mlcc-capacitors/radial-mlcc-capacitors.html
http://www.kingtronics.com/mlcc-capacitors/axial-mlcc-capacitors.html

RADIAL MULTIAYER CERAMIC & AXIAL MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR CROSS-REFERENCE

Kingtronics Series

MKT Series

AKT Series

Kingtronics Description

Radial, Dipped Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors

Axial Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors

NIC Series

NCM

NCMA

AVX(KYOCERA)

SR

SA

Lllinois Capacitor

***

***

Kemet

C315~C350

C410~C440

Mallory

M

P

Panasonic

ECU-S

***

Phillips

K,CN,CW,CZ

A,A40,A41,A43

Vishay

k(Mono-Kap)

A(Mono-Axial)

Murata

RPE

***

Nipon chemi-con

THD serie

***

 

Ever wondered how England got its name? As with countless other countries, it's all down to a tribe of early settlers (in this case the 5th Century Angles).

In fact, almost every country in the world is named after one of four things: 1) a tribe; 2) a feature of the land; 3) a directional description; or 4) an important person. That's according to Quartz, which analysed 195 countries listed in the Oxford Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names.

1> Tribe names

England is in good company with the lion’s share (about a third) of the world’s countries named after an early tribe or ethnic group.

FRANCE – Named after the Franks, who conquered the land in the Medieval ages.

VIETNAM – Named after the Viets of the South.

AFGHANISTAN – Translates to "Afghan-land; place of the Afghans”.

THAILAND – Relates to the “tai” people, an ethnic group from the central plains region.

RUSSIA – From the Medieval Latin term “Russi”, which denoted the people of the land.

2> Important people

SAINT LUCIA – This Caribbean island was named by the French in 1625 after the Catholic Saint Lucy, who was widely worshipped during the Middle Ages.

COLOMBIA – Named after famed explorer Christopher Columbus, who incidentally never even set foot in the country. It was in fact discovered by his companion Alonso de Ojeda in 1499, but was eventually named after Columbus anyway.

PHILIPPINES – Named by Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, in honor of King Philip II of Spain in 1542.

SAUDI ARABIA – After esteemed warrior and aristocrat Emir Muhammad bin Saud, who is considered the founder of the First Saudi State in 1744.

SEYCHELLES – In 1976, this beautiful chain of islands in the Indian Ocean gained independence from the UK but before that it was controlled by France and was named after French minister of finance Jean Moreau de Sechelles in the 1700s.

EL SAVADOR – This tiny country in Central America takes its name from Jesus and translates to "The Saviour". It was named by Spanish conqueror Pedro de Alvarado in the 1500s.

3> Land features

ICELAND – This moniker translates to "Land of Ice", perhaps for obvious reasons, from the ancient language of Old Norse, and is said to have been named by Norwegian Viking Hrafna-Flóki Vilgerðarson in 856 AD. This ignores Iceland’s plentiful green landscape, however, and many theorise that Iceland was named as such to dissuade potential settlers from invading what would have sounded like a cold, hostile environment.

HAITI – This Caribbean country’s name translates to "mountainous land" in its indigenous Taíno language. It was colonised by Spain in 1492 and originally named “La Española”, but was later renamed “Haiti” in 1804 by former slave and revolutionary Jean-Jacques Dessalines, who declared himself emperor and took back the land.

BARBADOS – This name translates to ‘the bearded’ in Portuguese, which is thought to be due to the long hanging roots of the fig trees that were noticed and marvelled at by colonizers in the late 16th Century.

UKRAINE – Ukraine was labelled as such during the 12th Century and translates to “near the border” in Old Slavic. Essentially it was used to define an area of territory within what was then the East Slavic state of Kievan Rus.

4> Location

AUSTRALIA – First coined by the Ancient Greeks, Australia translates to “Unknown Southern Land”, but was officially declared by this name in the early 1800s by English cartographer Matthew Flinders.

NORWAY – Conversely, this country traces its name to the Old English term for “northern way”, first mentioned in 880 by the Anglo-Saxons.

JAPAN – Nippon, which is the name commonly used by Japanese natives, means “land of the rising sun”, referring to its geographical location of being east of China.

There do exist a smattering of countries in the world which stepped outside the box with their naming criteria - around 20 of them. While some are disputed or their exact origins unclear, here is a handful of the most quirky and imaginative...

Bhutan, which calls itself Druk Yul, means "land of the thunder dragon" on account of the magnificent storms that tear through the Himalaya Mountains.

There are several theories as to the origin of Nepal's name, one of which makes reference to Kathmandu's sheep-rearing history, given that in Tibetan, "ne" means "home" and "pal" means "wool" - ergo "the home of wool"

Nauru, one of the world's most remote islands and the smallest state in the South Pacific, might take its name from the native term "anáoero" - which rather charmingly means, "I go to the beach".

1. You’ll Get Out of Your Comfort Zone

As young people most of us have a pretty established comfort zone. You have your established, friends, activities, hangouts and possibly jobs. We become comfortable in these daily roles and the idea of breaking out them can be scary and uncomfortable.

The problem is, you learn the most in uncomfortable, unfamiliar situations. In our daily routines, you know how to act and respond to people and your surroundings. Being in a new place, with different people, who hold different values and go about life differently strips all that familiarity away.

It can be scary, but once you figure out that you can connect with people despite differences, and you can navigate foreign environments, you become a smarter, more competent individual. Embrace the discomfort. Search for it, because it is helping you grow.

2. Traveling Builds Confidence

As you conquer the obstacles of figuring out how to use public transit in a foreign country, or asking for simple things in a grocery store, you are building a confidence and ability to adapt in foreign situations. 

You realize that you CAN do things, despite the obstacles and suddenly the obstacles seem less obstructive and more like welcomed challenges.

3. You Will Develop Cultural Sensitivity

Being culturally sensitive is key in our globalizing world. It is not enough to say “people from X country are like this.” It is important to look for underlying values that may explain a certain behavior in order to practice cultural sensitivity. 

Being aware of cultural values and norms is not only fascinating, but can help us understand international issues and conflicts, or even relate to the cultural norms of a foreign business partner. It is an important skill to be able to shift perspectives and see where someone else is coming from.

Cultural sensitivity will help you with your communication on both business and personal levels.

4. You Can Adapt to Globalization

Whether you like it or not, with the internet and social media, we are globalizing quickly. It is not unlikely that you would end up with a job that has you travel for business or take part in conference calls with international business partners. In our globalizing world it is important to be culturally sensitive and it can’t hurt to know a foreign language.

In the business world, having lived abroad can give you a competitive edge. Use the confidence and cultural sensitivity that traveling helps you develop and help it make you successful.

5. Be Immersed in a Second (or Third) Language

Once you travel abroad you realize that especially in Europe, almost everyone you meet speaks at least two languages somewhat proficiently.

We in the States have a bit of a disadvantage since geographically we cannot country-hop as easily as Europeans can. This is why traveling, especially for us, is even more important.  In the globalizing world it really can only benefit you to speak another language. Not to mention, it opens up a whole new world of people you can now connect with and understand that you would never have gotten the chance to get to know had you never learned their language.

Living abroad is really the best way to learn a new language since you are forced to challenge and practice your skills on a daily basis.

6. Infinite Opportunities to Network

If you are interested in working internationally or even just having a couch to stay on in a country that you love, never underestimate the value of networking wherever you go.

People are generally very friendly and love to talk about their home and culture. This is not always the case, but more than often it is. Making friendships abroad can make this big world seem a little smaller and help you feel more connected wherever you go.

The best advice is to meet as many people on your travels as you can. It will definitely make your time abroad more enjoyable since the locals know best! Plus you never know when these connections will come in handy in the future whether visiting each other for fun or otherwise.

More information please visit: http://www.kingtronics.com/

Contact us

Tel: (86) 769 8118 8110
Tel: (852) 8106 7033
Fax: (852) 8106 7099
E-mail: info@kingtronics.com
Skype: kingtronics.sales
MSN: kingtronics-sales@hotmail.com
Web: www.Kingtronics.com

About

Kingtronics International Company was established in 1995 located in Dongguan City of China to handle all sales & marketing for factories located in Chengdu, Sichuan and Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China. In 1990, we established the first factory to produce trimming potentiometer and in 1999 we built up new factory in Zhao Qing, Guangdong. Now with around 850 workers, Kingtronics produce trimming potentiometers, dipped tantalum capacitors, multilayer ceramic capacitors, and diode & bridge rectifier. We sell good quality under our brand Kingtronics, and Kt, King, Kingtronics are our three trademarks. All our products are RoHS compliant, and our bridge rectifier have UL approval. Please visit our Products page, you could please download all our PDF datasheet and find cross reference for our Trimming Potentiometer and capacitors.

Tantalum and Ceramic Capacitors Cross Reference ↓ Download
Diodes & Rectifiers List(PDF: 97KB) ↓ Download
Trimming Potentiometer Cross Reference ↓Download

Meet Kingtronics in Moscow soon
Chip EXPO 2017
Chip EXPO 2017
"Expocentre" Moscow Russia
Date: Oct 31 - Nov 2nd, 2017
Booth No.: B 20

Meet Kingtronics in Munich soon
Electronica 2018
Electronica 2018
New Munich Trade Fair Centre, Germany
Date: 13-16 November, 2018
Booth No.: To be advised

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