When using Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors, please observe the following points to ensure optimum capacitor performance and long life.

1>DC electrolytic capacitors are polarized.

Make sure of the polarity which is marked on the body of the capacitor.  
Application of the reversed voltage may cause a short circuit or damage to the capacitor.  
Use bipolar capacitors when the polarity is not determined or unknown.  
Note that DC electrolytic capacitors CAN NOT be used for AC application.

2>Bipolar capacitors
These capacitors are used only in pulse circuits as well as polarity reverse circuits, but not applicable in pure AC or high ripple current. 

3>Do not apply voltage greater than the rated voltage
If a voltage exceeding the rated voltage is applied, the leakage current will increase, which will damage the capacitor.  
Recommended working voltage is 70% - 80% of rated voltage.  
Using capacitors at recommended working voltage prolongs capacitor life.

4>Do not allow excessive ripple current through the capacitor
The flow of ripple current greater than the permissible (rated) value will cause heating of the capacitor, which may decrease the capacitance and damage the capacitor.
Ripple current through the capacitor must be at or below the allowable level, generally not more than 80% of the rated current.

5>Use specially designed capacitors for the circuits where charge and discharge are frequently repeated.
In circuits subjected to rapid charge and discharge cycles, a capacitor may be damaged and its life may be shortened by capacitance decrease at higher temperature.  

6. Operating temperature range.

The characteristics of capacitors change with the operating temperature.  
The capacitance and leakage current increase and dissipation factor will decrease at higher temperatures. Usage at lower temperature will ensure longer life.

7. Temperature vs. Life.

The expected life of a capacitor is related to its ambient temperature. 
Generally, if the ambient temperature is reduced 10℃, life is doubled at rated voltage. 

8. Check operating frequency.

Electrolytes usually have their capacitance measured at 100 Hz. or 120 Hz.  
However, remember that capacitance decreases and dissipation factor increase as the applied frequency becomes higher.

9. Capacitor Storage

Long periods of storage have virtually no effect on a capacitor’s capacitance and dissipation factor. 
However, such periods can increase leakage current and decrease the capacitors withstand voltage. 
Apply rated DC voltage treatment to the capacitors which have been stored for a long time.

10. The capacitor case is not insulated from the cathode terminal.

The capacitor’s case and cathode terminal connect through the electrolyte. 
If the case is to be completely insulated, that insulation must be at the capacitor’s mounting point.

11. Do not apply excessive force to the terminals and leads.

An excessively strong force applied to the terminals and lead wires may cause leads to break or terminals to separate and, in turn, cause the internal contact to fail.

12. Cleaning of the circuit board after solder dipping.

Clean circuit boards to remove flux or other extraneous matter.  
To ensure protection for the sleeve, its marking, and the capacitor's sealing materials, the capacitor should never be washed or cleaned by halogenous agents or solvents such as trichlorethylene, xylene, acetone, etc. 
Recommended cleaning solvents; Methanol, isopropanol ethanol, isobutene, petroleum ether, propanol and/ or commercial detergents.

13. Be cautious of the temperature and duration when soldering.
Soldering irons should be kept away from vinyl-insulated sleeves of capacitor.  
When the capacitor is dipped in a solder bath, use at less than 260℃ and 10 seconds to avoid damaging the capacitor.

14. Hole positions on the circuit board.
When designing a circuit board, space the through-holes equal to the space between the capacitor's lead wires. 
If the spacing is either greater than or less than the capacitor's leads, mounting will apply stress to the leads, causing short circuits, broken circuits, and increased current.
Also, through-holes on the circuit board as well as lead holes of post-process parts can result in solder splashing onto the vinyl sleeve causing damage.  
Consider hole positions carefully.

Kingtronics produces high-quality Capacitors and sells around the world, GKT-GN Radial Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor is one of the bestsellers with competitive price, the only different characteristic- non-polarized, used in polarity reverse and change circuits. Here are some details about GKT-GN Radial Lead type E Cap.

Features of GKT-GN Radial Through-hole Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors:
Various dimensions: 5*11mm - 19*35mm
Long load life: 1000Hrs
ISO/RoHS certified quality

Specification of GKT-GN Radial Through-hole Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors:
Operating temperature range: -40℃~+85℃
Voltage range: 6.3Vdc-160Vdc,
Wide range capacitance: 0.47uF - 6800uF

What are you waiting for? Come and place an order with us, you’ll never regret it! More information please visit Kingtronics website: 
http://www.kingtronics.com/aluminum-electrolytic-capacitors/GKT-GN-85C-Radial-Aluminum-Electrolytic-Capacitors.html

Contact us

Tel: (86) 769 8118 8110
Tel: (852) 8106 7033
Fax: (852) 8106 7099
E-mail: info@kingtronics.com
Skype: kingtronics.sales
MSN: kingtronics-sales@hotmail.com
Web: www.Kingtronics.com

About

Kingtronics International Company was established in 1995 located in Dongguan City of China to handle all sales & marketing for factories located in Chengdu, Sichuan and Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China. In 1990, we established the first factory to produce trimming potentiometer and in 1999 we built up new factory in Zhao Qing, Guangdong. Now with around 850 workers, Kingtronics produce trimming potentiometers, dipped tantalum capacitors, multilayer ceramic capacitors, and diode & bridge rectifier. We sell good quality under our brand Kingtronics, and Kt, King, Kingtronics are our three trademarks. All our products are RoHS compliant, and our bridge rectifier have UL approval. Please visit our Products page, you could please download all our PDF datasheet and find cross reference for our Trimming Potentiometer and capacitors.

Tantalum and Ceramic Capacitors Cross Reference ↓ Download
Diodes & Rectifiers List(PDF: 97KB) ↓ Download
Trimming Potentiometer Cross Reference ↓Download

Meet Kingtronics in Moscow soon
Chip EXPO 2017
Chip EXPO 2017
"Expocentre" Moscow Russia
Date: Oct 31 - Nov 2nd, 2017
Booth No.: B 20

Meet Kingtronics in Munich soon
Electronica 2018
Electronica 2018
New Munich Trade Fair Centre, Germany
Date: 13-16 November, 2018
Booth No.: To be advised

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