A.Power supply circuits

Stable DC power supplies are divided into intermittent control types (switching regulator) and continuous control types (Dropper).
Recent trends have shown an overwhelming growth in switching regulators, and so we talk mainly about switching regulators below.
The capacitors used in switching regulators are selected depending on the circuit. A forward switching regulator is shown as an example in Flg.6-1. Another type is a fly back regulator.



(1) Aluminum electrolytic capacitors for input (primary) smoothing circuits The Aluminum electrolytic capacitors for input smoothing circuits used on commercial voltages (100 V.AC, 200 V.AC) and commercial frequencies (60 Hz, 50 Hz) must have a high withstand voltage and a ripple current resistance complying with twice the commercial frequency (normally full-wave current).
These capacitors have large volumes (ground contact areas) compared to other components they are assembled with ,and so the demand for more compact capacitors, as well as power supplies, is strong. Another problem is the need for longer aluminum electrolytic capacitor lives, but products guaranteed for 5000 hours at 105 have recently been developed, thus realizing freedom from maintenance for 10 years.

(2) Aluminum electrolytic capacitors for output smoothing circuits The rated voltage of aluminum electrolytic capacitors used for smoothing at switching frequencies (20 k to 500 kHz) is determined by the output voltage, and they must have low impedance (low ESR) at switching frequencies. Therefore aluminum electrolytic capacitors for output smoothing are designed to have low impedance at 20 k to 500 kHz, and the recent development of a low resistance electrolyte using new materials has resulted in products with 1/3 to 1/4 the impedance of conventional products with the same volume. These low impedance products also have an extremely stable life

B. ECU for automotive

The electronization of in-vehicle control is accelerating these days. ECU (electrical control unit) which carries out in-vehicle control is asked for high reliance, a miniaturization, and high quality, and many aluminum electrolytic capacitors are used for it. A typical application example is shown below. 

(1) Power train ECU (Engine、 HV-Inverter etc.)



(2) Motor control ECU(Power steering, a blower / radiator fan motor, an electric pump etc.)


(3) LED lump


(4) Airbag


In automotive application, there are mainly an object for smoothing of input and output of the power supply of ECU and an object for energy reserve.
The rated voltage of 25 to 50 V.DC is mainly used.Not only current aluminum capacitor, aluminum capacitor with conductive polymer and
electrolyte is increasing due to improve quality, performance, with standing-voltage.It contributes to the small size of ECU, and a weight saving these days.

1.Frequency converters,solar inverters,aviation military communications, uninterruptible power supplies,professional power supplies,medical appliances,white goods,wind power converters
2. General industrial electronics ,for switch-mode power supplies in professional equipment
3. High-reliability equipment in automotive power electronics, applications with highest ripple current load at high frequencies
4. General purpose, AC / Motor, Power, lighting, medical equipment, air conditioner, high voltage, automobile, charger, adapter, ballast

Supplier Company: Kingtronics International Company www.kingtronics.com
ISO 9001: 2015 manufacturer, 2 factories, ISO & UL & SGS certified. 

Hertz (Hz)
The basic unit of measurement of frequency. It is a measurement used to denote one complete occurrence of an event in one second.
The frequency of a crystal is measured in megahertz (MHz) or kilohertz (kHz). In Kingtronics we usually usd KHz.

Frequency 
Measured in Hertz (Hz), it is a periodic repetition of an event within a unit of time. 
In an electrical circuit, it is the number of times a resonator plate oscillates or vibrates in one second. The most common herts for Kingtroncis QKT is 32.768KHz

Frequency Tolerance
Often called Calibration Accuracy, it is the amount of frequency deviation from the specified nominal frequency at room temperature (25°C). 

This term is expressed as a minimum and maximum percent (%) or parts per million (ppm). Kingtronics can provide -20~+70, -40~+85, -10~+60

Load Capacitance
A capacitance, specified in picofarads (pF), presented to the crystal. 

The parallel load resonant frequency (FL) is a function of the load capacitance.

For more details, please refer to below link, thank you.
www.kingtronics.com/quartz-crystals/
www.abracon.com/Support/qtzcry_glossary.pdf
www.abracon.com/Support/qtzcryoscil_glossary.pdf

When you order Crystal Oscillator, you have to at least keep 5 essential aspects.
Package Type,  Frequency, Suply Voltage, Frequency Tolerance,Operating Temperature

Examples : 
QKT-OSC3225, 32.768KHz,  1.8V, +/-10ppm, -10~+60
QKT-OSC5032, 32.768KHz,  3.3V, +/-20ppm, -20~+70
QKT-OSC7050, 32.768KHz,  5.0V, +/-20ppm, -40~+85

Free samples are available and welcome your enquiry and test our samples.

If you need more products information, please check :
www.kingtronics.com/quartz-crystals/QKT-HC49SMD.html

When you order Quartz Crystal Resonator, you have to at least keep 5 essential aspects.
Package Type,  Frequency, Load Capacitance, Frequency Tolerance,Operating Temperature

Examples : 
QKT-HC49U, 16.000MHz,  20pF, +/-30ppm, -20~+70
QKT-HC49S, 12.000MHz,  20pF, +/-20ppm, -10~+60
QKT-HC49SMD, 10.000MHz, 20pF, +/-30ppm, -20~+70
QKT-3225SMD, 26.000MHz, 20pF, +/-10ppm, -20~+70

Free samples are available and welcome your enquiry and test our samples.

If you need more products information, please check : 
www.kingtronics.com/quartz-crystals/QKT-HC49S.html

Contact us

Tel: (86) 769 8118 8110
Tel: (852) 8106 7033
Fax: (852) 8106 7099
E-mail: info@kingtronics.com
Skype: kingtronics.sales
MSN: kingtronics-sales@hotmail.com
Web: www.Kingtronics.com
YouTube: www.youtube.com/c/Kingtronicskt

About

Kingtronics International Company was established in 1995 located in Dongguan City of China to handle all sales & marketing for factories located in Chengdu, Sichuan and Zhaoqing, Guangdong, China. In 1990, we established the first factory to produce trimming potentiometer and in 1999 we built up new factory in Zhao Qing, Guangdong. Now with around 850 workers, Kingtronics produce trimming potentiometers, dipped tantalum capacitors, multilayer ceramic capacitors, and diode & bridge rectifier. We sell good quality under our brand Kingtronics, and Kt, King, Kingtronics are our three trademarks. All our products are RoHS compliant, and our bridge rectifier have UL approval. Please visit our Products page, you could please download all our PDF datasheet and find cross reference for our Trimming Potentiometer and capacitors.

Tantalum and Ceramic Capacitors Cross Reference ↓ Download
Diodes & Rectifiers List(PDF: 97KB) ↓ Download
Trimming Potentiometer Cross Reference ↓Download

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